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For Beginners® is a documentary, graphic, nonfiction book series. With subjects ranging from philosophy to politics, art, and beyond, the For Beginners® series covers a range of familiar concepts in a humorous comic-book style, and takes a readily comprehensible approach that’s respectful of the intelligence of its audience.
Happy Birthday to Jacques Lacan, the most infamous name in psychology besides Freud. He was born in Paris, France on April 13, 1901 to a Catholic mother and a soap and oils salesman father.
By his late teens/early twenties, Lacan rejected religion and declared himself an Atheist, much to the chagrin of his family. He was highly interested in Karl Jaspers and Martin Heidegger and became a licensed Forensic Psychologist in 1931.
Lacan’s philosophical life can be divided into four stages:
1. “The first, from 1926 to 1953, marks an evolution from conventional psychiatric work to the gradual inclusion of psychoanalytical concepts in the clinic, both in diagnosis and treatment.” This is the period in which Lacan creates his theory of the “Mirror Stage.” The “Mirror Stage” is when infants are able to recognize themselves in a mirror, usually at about the age of six months.
“The infant must see the image of itself as both being itself and not itself, in that it is the reflection of its own face and only a reflected image at the same time. To become a subject, or social being, the infant must come to terms with the reflection not being identical to itself as a subject. This marks the child’s entry into language, and the formation of ego.”
2. “From 1953-63 Lacan concentrated on structural linguistics and the role of the symbolic in the work of Freud.” Here Lacan studies how the human psyche is based in linguistics. “In Les Psychoses: Seminar III, Lacan claims that the unconscious is ‘structured like a language,’ and governed by the order of the signifier. This is contrary to the idea that the unconscious is governed by autonomous repressed or instinctual desires.” This is where Lacan deviates some from Freud’s writings. Lacan, in essence, took Freud’s interest in the unconscious but defined it through Saussure’s developments in linguistics.
3. “In the years 1964-73 Lacan departed further still from Freud and traditional psychoanalysis. His discourse became uniquely “Lacanian”, and he became known for his neologisms and complex diagrams. His view of the ego as the seat of neurosis rather than the place of psychic integration, and the Symbolic order as the primary place for subject formation, made his work groundbreaking. He still claimed to be continuing Freud’s work, which had only been obscured by Freud’s followers, and this accusation caused tension within the SFP.”
At this point, Lacan was attracting the interest of other philosophers, not necessarily associated with psychoanalysis, specifically the Structuralists.
4. In the last stage of his career, Lacan worked diligently to integrate mathematics into his Lacanian, psychoanalytic theories. Here he began to combine his trilogy: the Real, Symbolic, and Imaginary.
“From 1974 he studied the intersection of the three registers through complicated topological figures. He began to confound even his most faithful followers, and students became suspicious of how applicable this type of education might be to their clinical practice.”
Lacan still remains one of the most controversial subjects in the psychology and philosophy communities. But “his work has had a significant effect on literature, film studies, and philosophy, as well as on the theory and practice of psychoanalysis.”
If you wish to delve into the intense study of Lacanian psychoanalytics, you can pick up a copy of Lacan For Beginners, which will prepare you to tackle some of the more scholarly works out there.
Author’s Note: All quotes and biographical information was taken from: http://www.egs.edu/library/jacques-lacan/biography/
- The European Graduate School is a great resource, along with the For Beginners series, to begin deconstructing these difficult subjects.
On virtually any document, legal, business, government, or otherwise, you will be posed with the following question:
Sometimes it will be include “unspecified,” other times it won’t. For me, and probably for you, this question is easy. However, there are some people that dread these types of questions. Their whole lives having been defined by an arbitrary binary in which they belong to neither.
In Australia, people who don’t fit neatly into the female/male categories are finally able to circle a choice in confidence: “nonspecific.” Norrie May-Welby, a woman born a boy, considers herself androgynous and fought to have her birth certificate change. Her case made it all the way to the High Court in Australia, where they ruled in her favor.
The Australian High Court ruled “that the 1995 Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act (New South Wales) recognized that a person’s sex might be ambiguous and ‘does not require that people who, having undergone a sex affirmation procedure, remain of indeterminate sex — that is, neither male nor female — must be registered, inaccurately, as one or the other. The Act itself recognizes that a person may be other than male or female and therefore may be taken to permit the registration sought, as ‘nonspecific.’”
While the ruling only extends to New South Wales, “five of the seven Australian states and territories have the same language in their legislation, so it is expected to apply to most of the country, and to be used for interpretation of any laws that refer to the sex of a person.”
Just last year, Australia and New Zealand passed laws to allow their citizens to mark “indeterminate” on their passports.
While this is an amazing feat for intersexuals, transsexuals, and the like, it has also raised concerns in the intersex community, as Norrie is not biologically an intersex person. She was born with only one set of genitalia (a male’s), but doesn’t adhere to normal female or male characteristics. Thus, she prefers to be known as androgynous.
“Organisation Intersex International (OII) said Intersex people are recognised by international, national and State/Territory bodies as being born with biological sex characteristics, including genetic, hormonal or anatomical differences, that are not typically male or female. Intersex is about biology, not gender identity.”
Thus many intersex advocates were worried about the ramifications such a ruling could have. Fortunately, the High Court took into account such sensitivities and included a judgment to alleviate fears intersex people may have.
“‘It appears from the Judgement Summary that the High Court has recognised diversity in intersex people, and has chosen the neutral term, “non-specific” to describe Norrie’s gender. We are greatly relieved by this welcome decision,’ OII said in a media statement. ‘We welcome this assessment. We hope that the media will respect the difference between intersex and transgender, and acknowledge Norrie’s gender classification as “non-specific.’”
This is a step forward and I can only hope that the United States follows Australia’s lead. If you’re interested in the history of sexuality and gender identity, you can pick up a copy of Gender & Sexuality For Beginners today!
“Paul Robeson was on the greatest renaissance persons in American history. An exceptional scholar, lawyer, athlete, stage and screen actor, linguist, singer, and civil rights and political activist, he performed brilliantly in every professional enterprise he undertook. Few human beings have achieved his levels of excellence in one field, much less several. Any serious consideration of civil rights and radical politics as well as American sports, musical, theatrical and film history must consider the enormous contributions of Paul Robeson.
And yet, Paul Robeson remains virtually unknown by millions of educated Americans.”
If you’ve learned about the Civil Rights Movement in America in a classroom setting, then it might not come as a surprise that such an important figure was often overlooked. Robeson’s omission in many curriculums underscores glaring blind spots in traditional education.
Today is this enigmatic man’s birthday and what better way to celebrate than learning of Paul Robeson’s many legacies?
If you know of Paul Robeson at all, it is probably through his achievements on the stage. He’s best known for his renditions of Othello in Othello and Joe in Show Boat. In fact, you’ve probably heard his performance of “Ol’ Man River” from Show Boat at some point.
Robeson also played an integral role in the Harlem Renaissance, where he played Brutus in The Emperor Jones (a sketch of Robeson in The Emperor Jones from Paul Robeson For Beginners is pictured below). Robeson received amazing critical responses for his role as Brutus, as it showed Robeson’s versatility.
When the play was made into a feature length film, Robeson once again starred as Brutus. It was the first film to star an African American in the U.S. You can see more of Robeson’s cinematic achievements on his IMDb page.
After his success with The Emperor Jones, Robeson began studying African culture and began to embrace his African roots. He then visited the Soviet Union, where he felt his color didn’t matter for the first time in his life.
On top of his acting successes, Robeson is an alum of Rutgers and Columbia Law School, where he made lasting impressions. In fact, Rutgers named their Cultural Center after him.
When the Spanish Civil War broke out, Robeson found himself acting as a political activist as he fought and advocated for Republican and war refugees through concert performances. He even visited the battlefronts to boost morale.
Back in the US, Robeson found himself fighting vehemently against the act of lynching after the lynching of four African Americans. He pressured President Truman to pass legislation against lynching, but Truman brushed him off. Robeson then founded the American Crusade Against Lynching.
During his activities in the Civil Rights Movement, Robeson was pegged as a communist and thus forced to participate in the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) trials. You can read Robeson’s testimony here.
I’ve barely scratched the surface of all the achievements of the momentous man that Paul Robeson was, but if your curiosity is piqued, you can pick up a copy of Paul Robeson For Beginnerstoday.
This past weekend was the MoCCA 2014 fest, and we had an absolute blast!
We wanted to thank everyone who stopped by our first For Beginners booth at the MoCCA Arts Fest! We met great people, heard some great ideas, and really enjoyed ourselves. Best of all, we got to meet so many readers of the For Beginners series, as well as a bunch of folk who would love to write or illustrate for us. So to everyone we met, thank you for stopping by!
If you missed us at the MoCCA Fest, you might not realize the new titles that we’ll be releasing in late 2014 and early 2015 (you can like all of the pages on Facebook to stay updated on developments and news):
We hope to see everyone again at next year’s MoCCA Arts Fest, but please don’t wait until then to make contact with us. We’d love to hear from you – what you like about the books, why, what you’d like to see us do in the future, anything and everything. The input we received from so many librarians, teachers, academics, and individuals was much appreciated – so keep it coming!
Thanks again and please keep in touch. We really value our readers and want to hear back from you.
As we leave Women’s History month, we move to April to celebrate National Poetry month. What better way to segue the two than by celebrating some of the greatest women in poetry and their contributions.
Poetry is literature that transcends the page. Poets often convey their message in an abstract way through language filled with knowledge, beauty, and passion. Writers like Anne Bradstreet, Emily Dickinson, and Maya Angelou have demonstrated these principles with their work.
In her poem, “To My Dear and Loving Husband” Anne Bradstreet epitomizes the meaning of writing with passion. Her poem is about her passion and unequivocal love for her husband. The writing so beautifully portrays her immense devotion to her relationship. In lines 4-6 she writes,
“Compare with me ye women if you can.
I prize thy love more than whole mines of gold,
Or all the riches that the East doth hold”
daring the women of the world to try and compare relationships. Her passion for her relationship is worth more to her than gold or any other treasures.
Like Anne Bradstreet, Emily Dickinson’s poetry embodies passion and emotion. Emily Dickinson’s passion for poetry alone is remarkable, having written over 1,800 poems. Her passion coupled with the beauty of her language has made her one of the most prominent American poets. Dickinson’s imagery so beautifully crafts a tale illustrating her message. She exemplifies this imagery in her poem, “Have you got a brook in your little heart.”
Maya Angelou is arguably the most important and influential poet of the 20th century. As a member of the Civil Rights movement, Angelou’s work was incredibly impactful, constantly conveying a positive message in her poems. Maya Angelou proffers love as a necessity in life, not just a desire. One of her most famous poems, “Touched By An Angel” demonstrates the importance of love over hate, which at the time the poem was written, was a valuable and necessary message corresponding with Dr. Martin Luther King’s mission.
Poetry is not just entertainment; it is a tool, a weapon, and an escape.
If you would like to learn more about the poetry world, you can purchase a copy of Poetry For Beginners here.
Jason DeLeo Jr., Intern